In the early days of autism research non-autistic doctors and scientists observed autistic people like me, asked questions, and then formulated their best ideas about what our problems were, and what research might be beneficial and interesting. Autistic people were patients and study subjects, but we had little say in the research designs.
Over the past few decades autistic people have come into their own, and an autistic culture has emerged. Autistic people began to assert themselves in research, taking stances on the ethics of some studies and the basic purpose of other work. The Internet empowered many people, and some began offering their thoughts on research and autism science.
I’ve written about my own autism science journey, and autistic people now ask how they can get involved. I’d like to offer some suggestions.
The first place for most of us is where we live. Are you part of a local autism support group? Do you know other autistic people? If you live in an area where no such groups exist I suggest you get something started. The first step in powerful advocacy is to have a community, and encourage it to grow.
Check with local colleges and universities, and see who’s doing autism research where you may be able to contribute. Many departments may be involved in research, and you often find the different departments don’t know what the others are doing. You can find autism researchers in such diverse departments as Communication Science Disorders, Speech Pathology, Occupational Therapy, Psychology, the medical school, Education, Nursing and even the business school.
Research in your area may be focused on very low-level biology, or more practical things like workplace safety. Given the available research – which is dependent on faculty interests, abilities, and funding – where might you make a contribution? My first suggestion is that you approach autism researchers, explain that you are an autistic person yourself, and ask how you may be of help. If my experience is a guide most researchers will welcome your help. In my own advocacy work I encourage our government funders to require autistic involvement in structuring new studies, and I encourage members of INSAR – the professional society for autism science – to do the same.
I’d like to be clear about something here . . . Autistic people have been connecting with researchers for years . . . In the context of volunteering to be research subjects. In the same way, autism parents have connected with researchers for years, to volunteer their children as subjects. This essay is not about that. In this essay I recognize that those researchers will benefit from guidance and advice from actual autistic people in structuring the studies they may later ask us to take part in as volunteers. I’m encouraging you to be one of those guides or advisors, at least at first. If you want to volunteer, fine, but let’s make sure what we volunteer for is shaped to help us best.
If you are lucky enough to live in a city where an autism conference is hosted you’ll have a great opportunity to meet researchers from all over. For example, this years IMFAR conference is in San Francisco and there are a number of autistic people in attendance, making connections with researchers. This is the world’s largest autism science gathering, and it happens once a year, but there are smaller autism science conferences at universities all over, all the time.
Government agencies are also looking for autistic people who can help shape research. One central point for contact is the Office of Autism Research Coordination in the National Institutes of Health. Contact them and offer your services as a reviewer of research grant applications, and that could lead to service on any number of other committees within our public health services. If you are chosen to review proposed research you will be reimbursed for travel and paid a small stipend.
Opportunities may also exist for autistic people to work with private foundations who fund autism research. Some groups will be open to your thoughts; others will have their own agendas. The more you can open up funding groups to autistic input, the better.
Those are hands-on actions you can take to ensure autism science is usefully guided by autistic thinking. Are you ready to tackle them? In some cases all you need to provide useful input is the live experience of autism. That is enough to get started. The deeper you get the more you will find a knowledge of the research landscape useful. Medical science is complex, and so are all the other disciplines that offer promise for improved quality of life. No one person can master them all, but if you become expert in a particular area you may wish to focus your guidance and advice there. Others will prefer to remain generalists and use their lived experience alone.
Many self advocates talk about medical and social models of autism, and some suggest that we need to “switch” from medical to social perspectives. I believe there is a place for both. There are social scientists studying that very question, and they may benefit enormously from autistic insight. More than that, the medical issues that often accompany autism are real, and to turn away from a medical model of autism is to ignore that reality. You may not see a need for medical science to improve your quality of life, but others who suffer intestinal pain, epilepsy or anxiety may have a very different perspective.
Finally, I encourage you to speak out. By writing about your experiences you may inspire others. You will contribute to the building of community which is what gives our advocacy perspective. With community we become part of a tribe with all that entails. We have unique strengths and we share certain weaknesses. The better we join our voices, the louder and more effective we will be.